The quotation from Psalm 94 at the head of this article is very clear; God formed the eye.

There is no suggestion that God allowed an eye to evolve, or that He introduced its complexities through a series of evolutionary gradations. God sees, and He has made man to see too.

Medical Illustrations by Patrick Lynch, generated for multimedia teaching projects by the Yale University School of Medicine, Center for Advanced Instructional Media, 1987-2000.

There are many intricate components that make up an eye. Every one of them is needed for proper vision to occur and furthermore these components have to work together in perfect unison otherwise appropriate sight would not be possible.

Darwinists attempt to trace the evolution of the eye from light-sensory cells onwards, but there is no explanation as to how a cell can suddenly generate complex light-sensory abilities. The position of Darwinists not only oversimplifies the development of the irreducibly complex eye, but also does not take into account how our brain was also supposed to evolve at the same time to receive and interpret signals which allow us to see.

Even the muscles which hold the eye in place are a wonder of engineering skill. Most of our viewing is conducted while we fixate our gaze and if you observe the eyes during fixation, they appear motionless. However, if you use an eye movement monitor you will find the eyes are constantly moving. These movements are described as micro tremors, slow drifts, and fixation saccades, and are all governed by minute contractions in the six muscles attached to the outside of both eyes. Every fraction of a second they shift the position of the eyeball very slightly, automatically, without conscious effort on our part, making sight possible. Without fixational eye movements, we would be blind during visual fixation, and the world would become visible only when we moved our eyes voluntarily, when we moved our heads or when the world moved in front of us. As fixational eye movements induce firing of visual neurones in response to stationary objects, they ensure that we retain our vision during fixation.

Tremors are tiny movements which continuously and rapidly wobble the eyeball about its centre in a circular fashion 30 to 70 times each second. They cause the cornea and retina (front and back) of the eyes to move in circles with incredibly minute diameters of approximately 1/1000 (.001) of a millimetre. This is equivalent to about 70 times smaller than the thickness of a piece of paper.

If they were absent the light-sensing cells in the retina would quickly ‘stabilise’, and cease to send updated information to the brain, causing the image you are looking at to fade into a uniform grey within seconds. Thus, continued change in the light projected on each retinal cell in the eyes is crucial for constant vision.

Drift movements are slightly different. During drift movements, the eye drifts relatively slowly and smoothly off the target you are looking at until it reaches an angle equal to about 12 times the size of a tremor. At this time the eye automatically jerks, via a ‘saccade’, back to its original position. Saccades, which happen up to several times a second, are very quick, jerk-type movements that are used to correct for whatever drifts are occurring.

Large saccades are employed in scanning motions like reading. As you read this article, you may think your vision is smoothly scanning, letter by letter, or word by word, but this is not so. Instead, the precise alignment of your two eyes is synchronously hopping along, via those ‘jerk-back’ saccades, following each line. During the moment a saccade is occurring, your vision is blurred, so between the hops are momentary stops which give the eye-brain system time to decipher the printed letters into meaningful phrases.

These precise, coordinated muscular movements are just the muscles holding the eye in place, not the eye itself! In the next article we will examine the wonder of the Creator’s handiwork in the intricacies of the eye itself.