This important lecture in Christendom Astray gives the clear scriptural teaching regarding both resurrectional responsibility and that great event that lies before us all, to stand before our Lord and account for our service to him in his absence. May we all prepare ourselves now that we may hear the words, “Well done, thou good and faithful servant”, in that day.

Lecture 5

The Overall Objective

  • To prove that Christendom is astray in its teaching on the doctrine of resurrection and judgment to come
  • To set forth the truth regarding the judgment seat of Christ and those who shall appear before it

Resurrection–The Common Perception

 At the “last day” heaven and hell are emptied of all souls which are then reunited with their former bodies and judged.

This applies to every single human being ever to exist regardless of responsibility.

Resurrection–The Truth of the Bible

 Judgment has its basis in responsibility, that being a question of circumstances and capacity. The manifestly irresponsible classes of mankind will not be raised to judgment—heathens, pagans, barbarians, human brutes, idiots, infants, etc (Psa 49:6–20).

What is Responsibility?

 Responsibility God-ward is only created by contact with divine law in a tangible and authorised form. When called from darkness to light by the preaching of the gospel, man forms the basis of future accountability unknown in his state of darkness. This is regardless of his submission to the gospel or not.

How does the “Law of Resurrectional Responsibility” Operate?

  • In the absence of light men are in a state of ignorance and not amenable to condemnation. God “winks” at their doings (Acts 17:30; Rom 2:12; John 15:22; Psa 49:20)
  • The “law” of righteousness by faith is the principle upon which men are saved—that is, God imputes righteousness where faith is demonstrated. The full and official initiation of the law of faith as the rule of salvation occurred in the history of Abraham. This “law” was the basis of resurrectional responsibility
  • Jewish responsibility was greater than that of the other nations because their relation to the Deity was special, direct and privileged (Ex 24:3,7; Amos 3:2)
  • Resurrectional responsibility is limited to those enlightened by exposure to the Word of the God of Israel. This forms a basis for that awakening foretold to Daniel—“some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt”.

 Judgment—Who will Judge?

  • God shall judge the righteous and the wicked (Ecc 3:17). His authority is vested in His Son, the “Word made flesh” (John 5:22)
  • The light of the Word is the instrument used (John 12:48; Rom 2:5,6,16).

The Purpose of Judgment

  • The object and effect of judgment is to mete out to every man who is summoned to it according to his deeds whether good or bad (Matt 16:27, Rev 22:12, Jer 17:10)—illustrated in the parables of the nobleman (Luke 19:15), wedding feast (Matt 22:1–14), fisherman (Matt 13:47,48) etc
  • The judgment is no wholesale division of classes but an individual reckoning where man gives account to God (Rom 14:12)
  • The Deity is to be justified in the eyes of both righteous and wicked.

Who will be Judged?

  • The righteous and the wicked (Ecc 3:17), the acceptors of the gospel and the rejecters, the faithful and unfaithful servants
  • Life or death makes no difference in our relationship to the judgment seat. Those alive when the Lord comes, and those who emerge from the grave at that period will be on a footing of perfect equality. Those gathered for judgment are man and woman in the flesh, whether alive at His coming or raised for the purpose.

  The Rewards

  • Jesus has declared that he will confess or deny men in the presence of the angels at his coming, according to the position taken by them in his absence (Luke 9:26, Matt 10:32–33)
  • To the wicked—wrath, tribulation, anguish, shame and everlasting contempt (Rom 2:6–9,16; Gal 6:7–8, Dan 12:1–2; Matt 7:22–23)
  • To the faithful—glory, everlasting life, “raised” to immortality, incorruption, the ability to serve without sin for eternity (1 Cor 15:50–57, Dan 12:1–3).

The Conclusion

 “Fear God, and keep His commandments: for this is the whole man. For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil” (Ecc 12:13–14).