Author name: Joshua Robinson


The Scripture Illustrated | by | Volume 29, Issue 5 | September – October 2023

Rumination has the following definitions: “the act of thinking carefully and for a long period about something” and “the act of bringing up food from the stomach and chewing it again”. Yet, are these definitions really that different? One is the ‘chewing over’ of an idea in the mind, the other of food in the stomach. The eating definition is associated with a group of animals called ruminants, including cattle, sheep, goats, deer, giraffes, camels, and llamas. Being a ruminant was one of the requirements of clean animals under the Law (Lev 11:3; Deut 14:6), where “chewing the cud” is simply another way of saying rumination. 

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Caleb (6) – “He Had Another Spirit”

Exposition | by | Volume 29, Issue 4 | July – August 2023

In Joshua 21 we are informed about the casting of lots for certain portions of the land for the Levites. In verses 10-11 we learn that God was going to decide which Levitical family would inherit the cities in the tribe of Judah, and Hebron in particular. We also learn that these children of Aaron were to be apportioned 13 cities amongst the tribes of Judah, Simeon, and Benjamin.

It is significant that the first city mentioned was Hebron (v11,13). Why is Hebron being emphasised by position and repetition? One reason is because Caleb had given it up as his inheritance—we have seen evidence for that in previous articles. A second reason is that while the many children of Aaron would be divided amongst the 13 cities, the direct high priestly line probably lived in Hebron.

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Caleb (5) – “He Had Another Spirit”

Exposition | by | Volume 29, Issue 3 | May – June 2023

What did Caleb want out of his life? He wanted an inheritance within the land of Israel, which he knew was not taken by the strength of his hand, or because he deserved it, but because God had promised it and God would conquer. In the last article we explored the impact of Caleb, a spiritual leader within the tribe of Judah. In this article we want to consider the story surrounding Caleb’s personal inheritance that God would give him.

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