When the Queen of Sheba made her celebrated visit to king Solomon, the Bible records that among other gifts, she brought “very much gold, and precious stones” (1 Kings 10:2). Indeed, the record goes on to say that she gave Solomon “an hundred and twenty talents of gold” (1 Kings 10:10). It now appears that a British archaeologist has located the source of the Queen’s incredible wealth[1].

Louise Schofield, an archaeologist and former British Museum curator, believes that she has discovered the Queen’s gold mine on the Gheralta plateau in northern Ethiopia, which scholars believe formed part of the territory of the ancient kingdom of Sheba. Further exploration is needed, but it appears that the mine is extensive, with large underground passages.

At the site of the mine, Schofield discovered carvings of a sun and crescent moon, the gods of the land of Sheba, and also an inscription in Sabaean, the language of the kingdom. Discovered nearby were remains of columns and other finely carved stones possibly belonging to a buried temple, as well as the site of an ancient battlefield.

Israel under Solomon was a vital link in the trade routes from Arabia and the east (1 King 10:15), and the merchants of Sheba traded with Tyre to Israel’s north (Ezek 27:22). It is very likely that the purpose of the visit of the Queen of Sheba included the negotiation of favourable terms of trade with Israel. The precious goods that she gave to Solomon as well as the vast amount of gold were probably intended to gain his favour.[2]

Solomon’s reign was but typical of that of the Lord Jesus Christ, “the greater than Solomon” (Matt 12:42), and in the Kingdom age the gold of Sheba shall again flow into Israel (Psa 72:15; Isa 60:6), for great will be the blessings of Christ’s reign upon all nations in that day.

Jeremiah’s Record Confirmed by Archaeology

Excavations in Jerusalem over recent years have uncovered evidence that confirms Jeremiah’s record of the last years of the Kingdom of Judah[3] .

For example, Eilat Mazar’s excavations of the City of David at Jerusalem have yielded two small clay bullae (seal impressions) that bear the names of people mentioned in the book of Jeremiah. One of these objects bears the name “Yehuchal ben Shelemyahu” ( Jehucal or Jucal the son of Shelemiah), and was discovered during Mazar’s excavation of what may be king David’s palace. The other was found nearby in First Temple period strata underneath what has been identified as Nehemiah’s Northern Tower, and reads “Gedalyahu ben Pashur” (Gedaliah the son of Pashur).

These names are found together in Jeremiah 38:1. Jehucal the son of Shelemiah is also mentioned in chapter 37:3. They are described as princes (Jer 38:4) who were opposed to Jeremiah because they believed his message demoralised those remaining in Jerusalem at the time of the Babylonian invasion. The princes wanted to kill Jeremiah. By gaining weak king Zedekiah’s consent, they had Jeremiah thrown into a pit where he sank in the sludge at its bottom. But Jeremiah had only spoken the words of Yahweh their God, advising the people to surrender to Nebuchadnezzar’s army that their lives might be spared, for the city would certainly fall (Jer 38:2–3).

From this remarkable evidence, we can place full confidence in the Bible as a reliable historical narrative even in the smallest detail. We can also have every confidence in its wonderful Author, the God of Heaven, for all He has promised shall surely be fulfilled.

[1] (Rossella Lorenzi, ‘Queen of Sheba’s lost gold mine discovered?’

Discovery News http://news.discovery.com/history/sheba-queengold-


[2] The Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Inter-Varsity Press, 1980. pt.

3, p.1431).

[3] Bible History Daily http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/