Excavations in Jerusalem over recent years have uncovered evidence that confirms Jeremiah’s record of the last years of the Kingdom of Judah.

For example, Eilat Mazar’s excavations of the City of David at Jerusalem have yielded two small clay bullae (seal impressions) that bear the names of people mentioned in the book of Jeremiah. One of these objects bears the name “Yehuchal ben Shelemyahu” ( Jehucal or Jucal the son of Shelemiah), and was discovered during Mazar’s excavation of what may be king David’s palace. The other was found nearby in First Temple period strata underneath what has been identified as Nehemiah’s Northern Tower, and reads “Gedalyahu ben Pashur” (Gedaliah the son of Pashur).

These names are found together in Jeremiah 38:1. Jehucal the son of Shelemiah is also mentioned in chapter 37:3. They are described as princes (Jer 38:4) who were opposed to Jeremiah because they believed his message demoralised those remaining in Jerusalem at the time of the Babylonian invasion. The princes wanted to kill Jeremiah. By gaining weak king Zedekiah’s consent, they had Jeremiah thrown into a pit where he sank in the sludge at its bottom. But Jeremiah had only spoken the words of Yahweh their God, advising the people to surrender to Nebuchadnezzar’s army that their lives might be spared, for the city would certainly fall (Jer 38:2–3). From this remarkable evidence, we can place full confidence in the Bible as a reliable historical narrative even in the smallest detail. We can also have every confidence in its wonderful Author, the God of Heaven, for all He has promised shall surely be fulfilled.