Ezekiel 38:2 states: “Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him”. Magog was one of the sons of Japheth (see Gen 10:2). The descendants of the sons of Japheth generally settled in Europe. According to Josephus, Magog can be identified with the Scythians: “Magog founded those that from him were named Magogites, but who are by the Greeks called Scythians”. By the time of Ezekiel in the sixth century BC, the Scythians had migrated from the east and settled in the region to the north of the Black Sea. As a National Geographic article about the archaeological remains of the Scythians stated:
“…the Scythians for some 400 years were masters of a great stretch of the European steppe. At its height their kingdom reached from the Danube east across Ukraine, Crimea, and Russia, all the way to the Don River and the Caucasus Mountains”.
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