After Alexander’s death in 323BC, his generals, the Diadochi, divided up the territory he had conquered. Seleucus I Nicator secured the territory of Syria, and he proceeded to found four ‘sister cities’ in north-western Syria, one of which was Antioch on the river Orontes near the Mediterranean coast, a city named in honour of his father Antiochus.Today the city lies in southern Turkey.

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