Artefacts found in an ancient Greek tomb excavated in 1977 by archaeologists working in the northern Greek village of Vergina may have belonged to Alexander the Great, researchers now believe (‘Alexander the Great’s “Crown”, Shield Discovered?’ Sara Goudarzi for National Geographic News http:// html April 23, 2008). The tomb was thought to have been that of Alexander the Great’s father, but it is now believed that Alexander’s half brother, Philip Arrhidaeus, was buried there.

Following Alexander the Great’s sudden and unexpected death in 323bc, Philip Arrhidaeus was appointed king by his generals along with Alexander’s young son, which may mean that a helmet, shield, and silver “crown” found in the tomb originally belonged to Alexander the Great himself.

Alexander the Great led the Greek victory over the Persian Empire, as prophesied by Daniel. Persia’s power was decisively broken at the battle of Gaugamela in 331. Daniel symbolises the period of Greek rule that Alexander established by the brass of Nebuchadnezzar’s image (Dan 2:39), the leopard with four wings and heads, and the rough goat (Dan 8:5). Alexander the Great himself is represented by the “notable horn” that was broken and superseded by four horns or Hellenistic kingdoms (Dan 8:8,21).

Josephus (Antiquities 11.8.4-6) records a tradition that Alexander visited Jerusalem following his conquest of Gaza. At Jerusalem, Alexander was greeted by a procession led by the high priest, whom he recognised from a dream he experienced in Macedonia. In the dream he was assured that he would conquer Persia. To the astonishment of his company, Alexander honoured the high priest explaining that it was the God the high priest represented that he worshipped. The dream was confirmed when the priests showed Alexander the prophecy of the Greek victory over the Persians in the book of Daniel, and he granted privileges to the Jews throughout his empire (see also, John Carter, Prophets after the Exile, p133–142).

Alexander’s conquest of Persia, however, led to the rise of Rome and consequently, the crucifixion of Christ, the destruction of Judah’s commonwealth in 70 AD, and the desolation of the Holy Land for centuries (Dan 9:27). But today the time to show mercy and favour to Zion has come, and Yahweh has begun to build her again (Psa 102:13,16). The Jews have begun to return to their Land and the State of Israel has now been established for sixty years. Very soon the long awaited Messiah of Israel is to return to judge and reward his people and bring peace to a disordered world.

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Extent of Alexander the Great’s Empire